Title

Effects of isometric quadriceps strength training at different muscle lengths on dynamic torque production

Document Type

Journal Article

Publisher

Routledge

School

School of Medical and Health Sciences / Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research

RAS ID

20643

Comments

Noorkõiv, M., Nosaka, K., Blazevich, A.J. (2015). Effects of isometric quadriceps strength training at different muscle lengths on dynamic torque production in Journal of Sports Sciences, 33(18), 1952-1961. Available here.

Abstract

Abstract: This study aims to (1) determine whether isometric training at a short vs. long quadriceps muscle length affects concentric torque production; (2) examine the relationship between muscle hypertrophy and concentric torque; and (3) determine whether changes in fascicle length are associated with changes in concentric torque. Sixteen men performed isometric training at a short (SL, n = 8) or a long muscle length (LL, n = 8). Changes in maximal concentric torque were measured at 30, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240 and 300 rad · s−1. The relationships between the changes in concentric torque, cross-sectional area, volume and fascicle length were tested. Concentric torque increased significantly after training only in LL and at angular velocities of 30 and 120 rad · s−1 by 12–13% (P < 0.05). Muscle size increased in LL only, the changes were correlated (r = 0.73–0.93, P < 0.05) with the changes in concentric torque. Vastus lateralis (VL) fascicle length increased in both groups (5.4 ± 4.9%, P = 0.001) but the change was not correlated with changes in concentric torque in either group. Isometric training-induced increases in muscle size and concentric torque were best elicited by training at long muscle lengths. These results highlight a clear muscle length dependence of isometric training on dynamic torque production.

DOI

10.1080/02640414.2015.1020843

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