Floating Constructed Wetland for the Treatment of Polluted River Water: A Pilot Scale Study on Seasonal Variation and Shock Load
Chemical Engineering Journal
School of Engineering
This paper reports the performance of a pilot scale floating constructed wetland (FCW), employed for the treatment of polluted water collected from Buriganga river in Bangladesh. The FCW system included a tank for accommodating collected water and a floating mat with media, to support the growth of two macrophyte species Phragmites australis and Canna indica. Mean mass removal rates of 0.66, 0.76, 0.08, 0.51, 2.49g/m2d were achieved for ammoniacal nitrogen (NH4-N), total inorganic nitrogen (TIN), phosphorus (P), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), respectively by the FCW. Nitrogen removal was via nitrification-denitrification processes, whereas filtration-sedimentation appeared to influence phosphorus removal. The system achieved substantial Escherichia coli mortality rates, through protozoa predation and oxidation processes. Higher influent concentrations during dry period allowed greater removal of nutrients and E. coli. Hydraulic shock-loading experiment revealed critical interdependency between hanging roots maturity, input hydraulic, and pollutant loadings for maintaining stable performances. © 2015 Elsevier B.V..