Document Type

Journal Article




School of Engineering




This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of:

Ehtemam-Haghighi, S., Liu, Y., Cao, G., & Zhang, L. C. (2016). Influence of Nb on the β→ α ″martensitic phase transformation and properties of the newly designed Ti–Fe–Nb alloys. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 60, 503-510.


A series of Ti-7Fe-xNb (x = 0, 1, 4, 6, 9, 11 wt.%) alloys was designed and cast to investigate the β → α″ martensitic phase transformation, β phase stability, the resulting microstructure and mechanical properties. Phase analysis revealed that only Ti-7Fe-11Nb alloy shows a single body-centred cubic β phase microstructure while the others are comprised of β and orthorhombic α″ phases. Moreover, Nb addition up to 11 wt.% enhances the stability and volume fraction of β phase in the microstructure, hence reducing the propensity of the alloy system to form α″ phase during quenching. Compressive yield strength and hardness of the alloys are (985-1847) MPa and (325-520) Hv respectively. Additionally, Ti-7Fe-11Nb possesses the lowest Young's modulus (84 GPa) and the highest deformability (42% strain) among the designed alloys due to the single β phase microstructure. This high deformability is also corroborated by the large plastic deformation zone underneath the Vickers indenter. In contrast, the fractured surfaces of Ti-7Fe and Ti-7Fe-1Nb alloys after compressive tests mostly contain shallow dimples, verifying their low ductility. The good combination of mechanical properties obtained for Ti-7Fe-11Nb renders it more desirable than commonly used CP-Ti and Ti-6Al-4V materials and makes it a promising candidate for biomedical application.



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