2D/2D nano-hybrids of y-MnO2 on reduced graphene oxide for catalytic ozonation and coupling peroxymonosulfate activation
School of Engineering
Two-dimensional reduced grapheme oxide (2D rGO) was employed as both a shape-directing medium and support to fabricate 2D γ-MnO2 /2D rGO nano-hybrids (MnO2/rGO) via a facile hydrothermal route. For the first time, the 2D/2D hybrid materials were used for catalytic ozonation of 4-nitrophenol. The catalytic efficiency of MnO2 /rGO was much higher than either MnO2 or rGO only, and rGO was suggested to play the role for promoting electron transfers. Quenching tests using tert-butanol, p-benzoquinone, and sodium azide suggested that the major radicals responsible for 4-nitrophenol degradation and mineralization are O2 – and 1O2 , but not •OH. Reusability tests demonstrated a high stability of the materials in catalytic ozonation with minor Mn leaching below 0.5 ppm. Degradation mechanism, reaction kinetics, reusability and a synergistic effect between catalytic ozonation and coupling peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation were also discussed.