Microstructure, mechanical and wear properties of core–shell structural particle reinforced Ti-O alloys
School of Engineering
To improve the mechanical and wear performances of the Ti alloy, core-shell particles of different volume fractions were introduced in Ti matrix by means of spark plasma sintering (SPS). Optical microstructure observations show that core-shell network Ti-O alloys with various continuities were formed. Compressive mechanical testing shows that increasing the reinforcement content enhances the strength and decreases the plasticity of Ti-O alloys, which is ascribed by the increased O content and continuity of the network architecture. The improved wear resistance of the Ti-O alloys with an increasing reinforcement content can be attributed to the simultaneously increased strength of the Ti-O alloys and the O content in the worn scar, both of which can be related to the beneficial effect of the core-shell particles. Excellent combination of compressive performances of Ti-O alloy of 70 wt% reinforcement endows the alloy with optimal wear resistance.