Document Type

Journal Article


Tehran University of Medical Sciences


School of Nursing and Midwifery




Deanship of Academic Research, University of Jordan


Darawad, M. W., Hammad, S., Mosleh, S., Samarkandi, O. A., Hamdan-Mansour, A., Khalil, A. A., & Arabiat, D. (2017). Psychosocial correlates of diabetes self-management practices. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 46(6), 771-781.



Self-Management is a crucial regimen for patients with diabetes mellitus. Many factors have affected patients' self-management practice including psychosocial factors. Literature revealed contradictory results concerning the psychosocial correlates of patients' self-management practices. Therefore, this study assessed the psychosocial correlates of diabetes self-management practices among Jordanian diabetic patients.


A descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational design was utilized to collect data (conducted in the middle region of Jordan in 2015) from 341 Jordanian outpatients with diabetes using self-reported questionnaires (Social Support Scale, CES-D, and Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities) and chart review.


Participants reported practice rate of 2.85/ 7 (SD = 1.3), with diet practice the most (M = 3.66, SD = 1.5) and exercise the least (M = 1.53, SD = 2.1). Participants reported receiving social support (M = 3.23, SD = 1.3) less than needed (M = 3.39, SD = 1.3). High levels of depressive symptoms were reported (M = 17.1, SD = 11.4). Diet practices had significant positive correlation with family support attitude (r = .266, P = .000) and negative correlation with depressive symptoms (r = - .114, P = .037). Testing blood sugar significantly correlated with both support needed (r = .144, P = .008) and support received (r = .166, P = .002).


Jordanian DM patients were found to practice less than optimum DM self-management practices, and to consider diet practices than exercise practices. This study confirmed that the subcategories of DM self-care management should be considered rather than considering the general plan.

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.