Validity and reliability of a portable isometric mid-thigh clean pull

Document Type

Journal Article


Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Place of Publication

United States


Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research




James, L. P., Roberts, L. A., Haff, G. G., Kelly, V. G., & Beckman, E. M. (2017). Validity and reliability of a portable isometric mid-thigh clean pull. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 31(5), 1378-1386. Available here.


This study investigated the test-retest reliability and criterion validity of force-time curve variables collected through a portable isometric mid-thigh clean pull (IMTP) device equipped with a single-axial load cell. Fifteen males with ·6 months of resistance training experience attended two testing sessions. In each session, participants performed an IMTP in 2 separate conditions in a randomized counterbalanced manner. The criterion condition consisted of a closed-chain IMTP configured with a force plate (IMTPf), whereas the experimental test was undertaken using a portable IMTP with data acquired through a single-axial load cell (IMTPl). A very high reliability (coefficient of variation [CV] = 3.10, 90% confidence interval [CI]: 2.4-4.6%; intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] = 0.96, 90% CI: 0.90-0.98) and acceptable validity (CV = 9.2, 90% CI: 7-14%; ICC = 0.88, 90% CI: 0.71-0.95) were found in the experimental condition for the measure of peak force. However, significant differences were present between the IMTPf and IMTPl (p < 0.0001). Alternate force-time curve variables did not reach acceptable levels of validity or reliability in the experimental condition. The IMTPl is a valid and highly reliable method for assessing peak force. This provides evidence supporting the use of an IMTPl as a cost-effective and portable alternative for those who wish to assess maximal force production in a similar fashion to a traditional IMTP. However, practitioners should be aware that these are slightly different tests.