Nanomaterials including noble metal nanomaterials and some metal oxide nanomaterials exhibit very strong lightmatter interactions under resonant excitation. Very large absorption and scattering at the localized wavelengths can been achieved. Because of their attractive optical properties, optical NPs and nanostructures have been commonly used in various fields from nanophotonics, analytical chemistry, biotechnology, and information storage to energy applications including photovoltaics and photocatalysisphotocatalysis
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