Successful long-term maintenance following Nutrition Care Process Terminology implementation across a state-wide health-care system
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
School of Medical and Health Sciences
Aim: Three years following a state-wide Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) implementation project, the present study aimed to (i) assess changes in NCPT knowledge and attitudes, (ii) identify implementation barriers and enablers and (iii) seek managers’ opinions post-implementation. Methods: Pre-implementation and three years post-implementation, all Queensland Government hospitals state-wide were invited to repeat a validated NCPT survey. Additionally, a separate survey sought dietetic managers’ opinions regarding NCPT’s use and acceptance, usefulness for patient care, role in service planning and continued use. Results: A total of 238 dietitians completed the survey in 2011 and 82 dietitians in 2014. Use of diagnostic statement in the previous six months improved (P < 0.001). Perceptions of NCPT’s importance (P < 0.020) and benefits of incorporating NCPT into practice (P = 0.029) increased. Time to complete NCPT documentation (P < 0.013) and access to mentors decreased (P < 0.001). Other areas including enhanced attitudes, familiarity, confidence, views, knowledge and incorporation into practice were sustained (P > 0.05). Key elements in sustaining NCPT implementation over three years included ongoing management support, workshops/tutorials, discussion and mentor and peer support. The most valued resources were pocket guides, ongoing workshops/tutorials and mentor support. Dietetic managers held many positive NCPT views, however, opinions differed around the usefulness of service planning, safer practice, improving patient care and facilitating communication. Some managers would not support NCPT unless it was recommended for practice. Conclusions: Immediate improvements following the NCPT implementation project were sustained over three years. Moving forward, a professional focus on continuing to incorporate NCPT into standard practice will provide structure for process and outcomes assessment