Ultra-broadband wide-angle unidirectional plasmonic coupler based on joint effects of plasmonic critical angles and subwavelength metallic gratings
Optical Society of America
Faculty of Health, Engineering and Science
Electron Science Research Institute
A unidirectional plasmonic coupler with ultra-broadband and wide-angle coupling efficiency is proposed and demonstrated. Employing the plasmonic critical angle (PCA) phenomenon in conjunction with the effect of subwavelength metallic gratings, a wide incident angular full-width-half-maximum (AFWHM >28°) coupling efficiency larger than 50% and extinction ratio better than 15 dB over an ultrabroad wavelength range 725-985 nm (bandwidth >260 nm) are achieved. The operation principle and performance of the structure are clarified and theoretically illustrated.