Trends of activities of daily living disability situation and association with chronic conditions among elderly aged 80 years and over in China

Document Type

Journal Article




School of Medical and Health Sciences


Originally published as: Hou, C., Ping, Z., Yang, K., Chen, S., Liu, X., Li, H., ... & Luo, Y. (2018). Trends of Activities of Daily Living Disability Situation and Association with Chronic Conditions among Elderly Aged 80 Years and Over in China. The journal of nutrition, health & aging, 22(3), 439-445. Original article available here


Objectives: In China, few studies reported the disability situation and the association between disabilities with chronic conditions in aged people. This study investigates the cross-sectional trends of prevalence and severity of activities of daily living disability (ADL) in Chinese oldest-old people from 1998 to 2008, and identified the potential risk factors of disability. Design: A combination of population-based longitudinal prospective study and probabilistically sampling cross-sectional studies. Setting: The Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) was based on a random sampling of aged people from twenty-two provinces in China. Participants: A total of 52,667 participants aged from 80 years old to 105 years old sampled in the year of 1998 (n=8,768), 2000 (n=10,940), 2002 (n=10,905), 2005 (n=10,396) and 2008 (n=11,658) were analyzed respectively. Results: The prevalence of ADL disability decreased from the year of 1998 (18%) to 2008 (12%). The disability prevalence significantly increased in 2002 and decreased in 2008 (P<0.001) in total participants than the year of 1998. The prevalence trends of low ADL disability level were almost identical with that of the total ADL disability. Stroke/cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and cognitive impairment were the strongest risk factors of disability. Vision impairment became less associated with ADL disability (P=0.045), while the association between multimorbidity and ADL disability became stronger (P=0.033). Conclusions: The prevalence of ADL disability declined among the oldest-old population in China from the year of 1998 to 2008 without obeying a linear pattern. Temporal trends of ADL disability mainly attributed to the change of low disability level prevalence. Stroke/CVD and cognitive impairment were the most common risk factors of disability. Vision impairment caused disability has become less common, while risks of multimorbidity related disability increased.




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