Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Journal of Global Health


Elsevier BV


School of Medical and Health Sciences




Hou, H., Zhao, Y., Yu, W., Dong, H., Xue, X., Ding, J., ... & Wang, W. (2018). Association of obstructive sleep apnea with hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Global Health, 8(1). doi:10.7189/jogh.08.010405

Available here.


Results: Twenty-six studies with 51 623 participants (28 314 men, 23 309 women; mean age 51.8 years) met inclusion criteria and were included in this study. Among them, six studies showed a significant association between OSA and resistant hypertension (pooled OR = 2.842, 95% CI = 1.703-3.980, P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the combination of 20 original studies on the association of OSA with essential hypertension also presented significant results with the pooled ORs of 1.184 (95% CI = 1.093-1.274, P < 0.05) for mild OSA, 1.316 (95% CI = 1.197-1.433, P < 0.05) for moderate OSA and 1.561 (95% CI = 1.287-1.835, P < 0.05) for severe OSA.

Conclusions: Our findings indicated that OSA is related to an increased risk of resistant hypertension. Mild, moderate and severe OSA are associated essential hypertension, as well a dose-response manner relationship is manifested. The associations are relatively stronger among Caucasians and male OSA patients.

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder characterized as complete or partial upper airflow cessation during sleep. Although it has been widely accepted that OSA is a risk factor for the development of hypertension, the studies focusing on this topic revealed inconsistent results. We aimed to clarify the association between OSA and hypertension, including essential and medication-resistant hypertension.

Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was followed. PubMed and Embase databases were used for searching the relevant studies published up to December 31, 2016. A quantitative approach of meta-analysis was performed to estimate the pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI).



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