Evaluation of a commercial sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the quantification of beta-casomorphin 7 in yogurt using solid-phase extraction coupled to liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry as the "Gold Standard" method

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Journal of AOAC International


A O A C International

Place of Publication

United States


School of Science


Nguyen, D. D., Busetti, F., Johnson, S. K., & Solah, V. A. (2018). Evaluation of a Commercial Sandwich Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for the Quantification of Beta-Casomorphin 7 in Yogurt Using Solid-Phase Extraction Coupled to Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry as the “Gold Standard” Method. Journal of AOAC International, 101(2), 515-519. Available here.


This study investigated beta-casomorphin 7 (BCM7) in yogurt by means of LC-tandem MS (MS/MS) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and use LC-MS/MS as the "gold standard" method to evaluate the applicability of a commercial ELISA. The level of BCM7 in milk obtained from ELISA analysis was much lower than that obtained by LC-MS/MS analysis and trended to increase during fermentation and storage of yogurt. Meanwhile, the results obtained from LC-MS/MS showed that BCM7 degraded during stages of yogurt processing, and its degradation may have been caused by X-prolyl dipeptidyl aminopeptidase activity. As a result, the commercial sandwich ELISA kit was not suitable for the quantification of BCM7 in fermented dairy milk



Access Rights

subscription content