Education on invasive mechanical ventilation involving intensive care nurses: a systematic review
Blackwell Publishing Ltd
School of Nursing and Midwifery
Background: Intensive care unit nurses are critical for managing mechanical ventilation. Continuing education is essential in building and maintaining nurses’ knowledge and skills,potentially improving patient outcomes.
Aims: The aim of this study was to determine whether continuing education programmes on invasive mechanical ventilation involving intensive care unit nurses are effective inimproving patient outcomes.
Methods: Five electronic databases were searched from 2001 to 2016 using keywords such as mechanical ventilation, nursing and education. Inclusion criteria were invasivemechanical ventilation continuing education programmes that involved nurses and measured patient outcomes. Primary outcomes were intensive care unit mortality and in-hospitalmortality. Secondary outcomes included hospital and intensive care unit length of stay, length of intubation, failed weaning trials, re-intubation incidence, ventilation-associatedpneumonia rate and lung-protective ventilator strategies. Studies were excluded if they excluded nurses, patients were ventilated for less than 24 h, the education content focused onprotocol implementation or oral care exclusively or the outcomes were participant satisfaction. Quality was assessed by two reviewers using an education intervention critical appraisalworksheet and a risk of bias assessment tool. Data were extracted independently by two reviewers and analysed narratively due to heterogeneity.
Results: Twelve studies met the inclusion criteria for full review: 11 pre- and post-intervention observational and 1 quasi-experimental design. Studies reported statistically signiﬁcant reductions in hospital length of stay, length of intubation, ventilator-associated pneumonia rates, failed weaning trials and improvements in lung-protective ventilation compliance.Non-statistically signiﬁcant results were reported for in-hospital and intensive care unit mortality, re-intubation and intensive care unit length of stay.
Conclusion: Limited evidence of the effectiveness of continuing education programmes on mechanical ventilation involving nurses in improving patient outcomes exists.Comprehensive continuing education is required.
Relevance to clinical practice: Well-designed trials are required to conﬁrm that comprehensive continuing education involving intensive care nurses about mechanical ventilation improves patient outcomes.