Heat-activated persulfate by Fe-based metallic glass: a comparative study of two dyes
Materials Science Forum
Trans Tech Publications Ltd.
School of Engineering
In this work, the heat-activated persulfate (PS) in the presence of Fe78Si9B13 metallic glasses (MGs) shows an extremely difference in degradation of azo dye and triarylmethane dye, where Fe78Si9B13 MGs exhibits a superior activation ability for PS with assistance of heat leading to the fast removal of two dyes. The structural features of Fe78Si9B13 MGs are firstly characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), following analysis of surface topography by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results show that with the addition of Fe78Si9B13 MGs, the recalcitrant azo dye is completely removed within 5 min while only 6% of removal rate can be achieved without adding MGs, indicating that the refractory azo dye can be easily degraded by sulfate radical (SO4•–) from heat/MGs/PS. On the other hand, no big variation occurs between PS and MGs/PS under heat activation in degrading triarylmethane dye. Sole PS activated by heat results in a fast removal rate, indicating that triarylmethane dye can be easily degraded by PS itself compared to azo dye. The findings in this work present an in-depth understanding of heat/MGs/PS system in dyes degradation.