School of Medical and Health Sciences
Edith Cowan University
McCusker Alzheimer’s Research Foundation
National Health and Medical Research Council
The anti-aging gene Sirtuin 1 has now major relevance to genetics and the fields of pharmacology, toxicology, neuroscience, immunology, biochemistry and cell/molecular biology. Advances in anti-aging therapy are now essential to prevent mitochondrial apoptosis to promote longevity with the prevention of accelerated ageing. Calorie restriction that maintains the anti-aging gens changes the core body temperature and promotes species longevity. Stress and calorie consumption are sensitive to Sirt 1 function with relevance heat shock protein 70 metabolism and mitochondrial biogenesis. Sirt 1 regulation of the circadian rhythm mediates melatonin effects on core body temperature regulation and immune responses. Diet and fat are essential factors that determine species longevity with relevance to heat shock gene regulation and mitochondrial disease in animals and man. Strenuous exercise to activate the cellular heat shock gene in animals and man should be carefully controlled to prevent magnesium deficiency with relevance to immune disorders and mitophagy.
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