Adaptation and pretesting of the College Persistence Questionnaire V3 (Short Form) for measuring intention to persist among Aboriginal Diploma of Nursing students
School of Nursing and Midwifery
Background : Culturally appropriate health care delivery is essential to improve health outcomes for Aboriginal peoples. There is a shortage of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander nurses partly due to disproportionately high non-completion rates among tertiary sector students. The College Persistence Questionnaire V3 (Short Form) provides scales for gauging major predictors of retention.
Objective: To adapt an instrument for measuring intention to persist among Aboriginal Diploma of Nursing students.
Design: Instrument adaptation and pretesting.
Participants: A convenience sample of Aboriginal Diploma of Nursing students (N = 21) at a registered training organisation in Australia.
Methods: The instrument was mapped against the domain of interest and modified. Ten experts reviewed its content validity; its reading ease and educational grade reading level were assessed.
Results: The expert panel endorsed individual items as valid (item-level Content Validity Index 0.90–1.00) and scale-level validation was acceptable (average scale-level Content Validity Index = 0.98). The minimally-adapted instrument was ‘fairly easy’ to read and suitable for general adult audiences (Flesch Reading Ease score 71.3) and was below the United States 8th grade reading level (Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level 6.7). Students took < 30 min to complete the questionnaire. All understood its purpose, found instructions clear, and questions easy to answer. Most rated its length ‘Just right’.
Conclusion: The College Persistence Questionnaire – Registered Training Organisation Version appears suitable for assessing factors influencing retention/attrition among Aboriginal Diploma of Nursing students. Piloting and psychometric evaluation is recommended.