Periodization and power integration

Document Type

Book Chapter


Human Kinetics

Place of Publication

Champaign, IL




Originally published as: Haff, G.G. (2017). Periodization and power integration. In McGuigan, M. (Eds.), Developing power. (pp. 33-61). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Original article available here


Periodization is a widely accepted theoretical and practical paradigm for guiding the preparation of athletes (ll, 38, 91). Although periodization is both widely accepted and considered an essential tool for guiding training, coaches and sport scientists often misunderstand it and misapply it. While this confusion has many causes, the most important appears to be centered on what periodization is and how it differs from programming and planning (10). Planning is the process of organizing and arranging training structures into phases in order to achieve a targeted goal. Programming is the application of training modes and methods into this structure. Periodization, on the other hand, contains elements of both planning and programming, in that it defines the training structure, the modes, and the methods used within the global training plan. Based on this construct, the manipulation of sets, repetitions, and training loads would be considered programming, not periodization as it is sometimes falsely defined in the literature (24, 25, 59). Periodization is an inclusive theoretical and practical construct that allows for the management of the workloads of all training factors in order to direct adaptation and elevate performance at appropriate times through the integrative and sequential manipulation of programmatic structures