Influence of annealing treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of graded structure Ti-6Al-4V alloys

Document Type

Journal Article


Northwest Institute of Nonferrous Metal Research


School of Engineering




Shuo, Z., Wentao, H., Yulin, H., Yujing, L., Laichang, Z., Shujun, L., & Rui, Y. (2017). Influence of Annealing Treatment on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Graded Structure Ti-6Al-4V Alloys. Rare Metal Materials And Engineering, 46(S1), 195-199. Available here


Graded Ti-6 Al-4 V reticulated meshes with different porosities in Materialise software were fabricated by additive manufacturing using the electron beam melting (AM-EBM).The effects of annealing temperature on the microstructure and mechanical properties of these samples were studied. The results show that the strut microstructure is dominated by thin α' martensite platelets and minimal β phase. The effective Young's modulus and strength are the weighted average of the moduli and strength of each constituent. There is stress discontinuity along the interface between the two different layers which cause the reduction of strength. Annealed at 950 ℃ for 1 h,α platelets are thicker and the plasticity of struts is improved; at the same time the effective elastic modulus and compressive strength are slightly reduced. After annealing treatment graded Ti-6 Al-4 V meshes achieve the optimal mechanical performance.