Title

Broken hearts and bones: New insights or falling for unmeasured confounding?

Document Type

Editorial

Publisher

BMJ Publishing Group

School

School of Medical and Health Sciences

Comments

Originally published as: Lewis, J. R., & Szulc, P. (2019). Broken hearts and bones: New insights or falling for unmeasured confounding? Heart, 105(6), 427-428. Original paper available here.

Abstract

Most minimal trauma or osteoporotic fractures are due to low bone mass and/or quality combined with a fall from standing height or less. Osteoporosis is common in older men and women and combined with increased falls propensity during ageing leads to the dramatic rise in the risk of minimal trauma fracture in older men and women. Causes of falls in older men and women are often complex and can be due to loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength, acute and chronic illnesses, cardiovascular causes, medications, nutritional deficiencies and environmental hazards, either individually, or in combination.

DOI

10.1136/heartjnl-2018-314099

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