Broken hearts and bones: New insights or falling for unmeasured confounding?
BMJ Publishing Group
School of Medical and Health Sciences
Most minimal trauma or osteoporotic fractures are due to low bone mass and/or quality combined with a fall from standing height or less. Osteoporosis is common in older men and women and combined with increased falls propensity during ageing leads to the dramatic rise in the risk of minimal trauma fracture in older men and women. Causes of falls in older men and women are often complex and can be due to loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength, acute and chronic illnesses, cardiovascular causes, medications, nutritional deficiencies and environmental hazards, either individually, or in combination.