Title

A nurse-driven method for developing artificial intelligence in "smart" homes for aging-in-place

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Nursing Outlook

ISSN

1528-3968

Volume

67

Issue

2

First Page

140

Last Page

153

PubMed ID

30551883

Publisher

Elsevier Inc.

School

School of Nursing and Midwifery

Funders

Funding information available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2018.11.004

Comments

Originally published as: Fritz, R. L., & Dermody, G. (2019). A nurse-driven method for developing artificial intelligence in “smart” homes for aging-in-place. Nursing Outlook, 67(2), 140-153. Original publication available here

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To offer practical guidance to nurse investigators interested in multidisciplinary research that includes assisting in the development of artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms for "smart" health management and aging-in-place.

METHODS: Ten health-assistive Smart Homes were deployed to chronically ill older adults from 2015 to 2018. Data were collected using five sensor types (infrared motion, contact, light, temperature, and humidity). Nurses used telehealth and home visitation to collect health data and provide ground truth annotation for training intelligent algorithms using raw sensor data containing health events.

FINDINGS: Nurses assisting with the development of health-assistive AI may encounter unique challenges and opportunities. We recommend: (a) using a practical and consistent method for collecting field data, (b) using nurse-driven measures for data analytics, (c) multidisciplinary communication occur on an engineering-preferred platform.

CONCLUSIONS: Practical frameworks to guide nurse investigators integrating clinical data with sensor data for training machine learning algorithms may build capacity for nurses to make significant contributions to developing AI for health-assistive Smart Homes.

DOI

10.1016/j.outlook.2018.11.004

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