Phosphorous doped carbon nitride nanobelts for photodegradation of emerging contaminants and hydrogen evolution

Author Identifier

Lei Shi Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5424-7103 Hongqi Sun Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0907-5626

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Applied Catalysis B: Environmental




School of Engineering




This work was partially supported by the National Science and Technology Major Project (NO. 2016ZX05040003), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (NO. 17CX06027), ARC Discovery Projects (DP150103026 and DP170104264) and the CSC scholarship (201806450064).

Grant Number

ARC Number : DP150103026, ARC Number : DP170104264


Wang, S., He, F., Zhao, X., Zhang, J., Ao, Z., Wu, H., ... Sun, H. (2019). Phosphorous doped carbon nitride nanobelts for photodegradation of emerging contaminants and hydrogen evolution. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 257.

Original article Available here.


Photocatalysis has demonstrated great potentials for both environmental remediation and green energy production. In this study, a simple solvothermal template-free approach was employed for the first time to synthesize phosphorous doped carbon nitride nanobelt (PCNNB). Advanced characterizations, for instance, 13C NMR, 31P NMR, and XPS results indicated that P was substitutionally doped at the corner-carbon of the carbon nitride frameworks. The introduction of P dopants inhibited the polymerization between NH2 groups within PCNNB, enabling the decrease in nanobelt width for the exposure of more active sites. Therefore, the optimized P-CN-NB-2 (derived from 0.2 mM H3PO4) rendered enhanced p-hydroxybenzoic acid (HBA) degradation nearly 66-fold higher than bulk g-C3N4, among the most efficient g-C3N4-based photocatalysts as reported. In addition, the P-CN-NB-1 (derived from 0.02 mM H3PO4) exhibited about 2 times higher H2 evolution rate than CNNB. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were also conducted to provide insights into the mechanism.



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Research Themes

Natural and Built Environments

Priority Areas

Engineering, technology and nanotechnology