Title

Backpacker identity: Scale development and validation

Document Type

Journal Article

Publisher

SAGE Publications

School

School of Business and Law

RAS ID

28484

Funders

Funding information available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287519829255

Comments

Originally published as: Chen, G., Zhao, L., & Huang, S. (2019). Backpacker identity: Scale development and validation. Journal of Travel Research. Advance online publication. Original publication available here

Abstract

Backpacker identity has attracted growing attention in backpacker tourism research. However, there still lacks a valid scale to measure backpacker identity. Guided by Social Identity Theory (SIT), this study aims to develop and validate a scale to measure backpacker identity in the Chinese context. The study used two Chinese backpacker samples in two stages (Study 1, n=190; Study 2, n=323) to establish the psychometric properties of a backpacker identity scale (BIS). Following the process of scale development, a three-dimension (i.e., self-categorization, group self-value, and group self-evaluation) backpacker identity measurement model was identified. The refined scale with 16 measurement items was finally identified with sufficient reliability and validity. Theoretical and practical implications were discussed.

DOI

10.1177/0047287519829255

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