Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation







First Page


Last Page


PubMed ID



W.B. Saunders


School of Medical and Health Sciences


Originally published as: Murray, C. M., Van Kessel, G., Guerin, M., Hillier, S., & Stanley, M. (2019). Exercising choice and control: A qualitative meta-synthesis of perspectives of people with a spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 100(9), 1752-1762. Original publication available here


OBJECTIVE: To systematically search the literature and construct a meta-synthesis of how choice and control are perceived by people with spinal cord injury (SCI).

DATA SOURCES: Medline, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE, HealthSource, ProQuest, PsychInfo, SAGE, and SCOPUS were searched from 1980 until September 2018 including all languages. Reference lists of selected studies were also reviewed.

STUDY SELECTION: Eligible qualitative studies included perspectives about choice of control as reported by people with an SCI. Studies were excluded if they included perspectives from other stakeholder groups. A total of 6706 studies were screened for title and abstract and full text of 127 studies were reviewed resulting in a final selection of 29.

DATA EXTRACTION: Characteristics of the studies were extracted along with any data (author interpretations and quotes) relating to perspectives on choice and control.

DATA SYNTHESIS: First-order analysis involved coding the data in each study and second-order analysis involved translating each segment of coded data into broader categories with third-order analysis condensing categories to 2 broad overarching themes. These themes were experiencing vulnerability or security and adapting to bounded abilities.

CONCLUSIONS: Perspectives of choice and control are influenced by interrelated environmental, interpersonal, and personal contexts. From a personal perspective, participants reported a readiness for adaptation that included turning points where emotional and cognitive capacity to make choices and take control changed. Health professionals need to be responsive to this readiness, promote empowerment and foster, rather than remove, hope.



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.