Jordanians with diabetes: A qualitative content analysis of footwear practices
The Diabetic Foot Journal
School of Nursing and Midwifery / Nursing, Midwifery and Health Services Research
Shoes are considered the most frequent reason for foot trauma among people with diabetes, thus, it is recommended that special footwear be worn to break the causal chain of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). The qualitative content analysis outlined here examines the narrations obtained during an interview-based survey study of foot care practices in Jordan. A total of 610 participants discussed three themes of care: strategies employed to examine footwear, aims of examining footwear, and the characteristics of shoes appropriate for people with diabetes. Regular shoe examination was a practice adopted by participants who incurred foot injuries that resulted from harmful objects found inside the shoes. Participants believed that people with diabetes should wear ‘special shoes’, but limited details were provided about the requirements of these special shoes. Therefore, foot care education programmes should focus on patient-controllable risks and provide detailed advice concerning footwear recommended for those with diabetes.