Effect of different training methods on sprint times in recreational and athletic males
Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning
Australian Strength and Conditioning Association
School of Medical and Health Sciences / Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research
The purpose of the review was to quantify the effect of different training methods on sprint times in recreational and athletic males. Sprint training methods were classified as specific (resisted and assisted sprinting, and non-assisted sprinting), non-specific (strength, power and plyometric training) or a combination of both methods. Thirty-six studies comparing highly trained and recreational participants were included in this review. Highly trained participants (n = 499) had to compete at international level, or in first, second or third division national teams in their sport. The remaining participants were characterized as recreational (n = 945). The effects of these methods on the sprint times of recreational and highly-trained athletes were quantified via percent changes (%change), effect statistics (ES) and training efficacy (TE), the averaged change in sprint time per session. Specific sprint training methods were found the most beneficial (%change = -2.12 ± 2.50; ES = -0.90 ± 1.40) and efficient (%change/session = -0.15 ± 0.19; ES/session = -0.05 ± 0.07) training method in decreasing sprint times of recreational athletes. The highly-trained athletes responded to specific or combined training methods the best, depending on the metric used for comparisons e.g. %change vs ES. It would seem that highly-trained athletes can handle higher training loads and would benefit from greater training variety.