Stress-strain characteristics of fiber-reinforced rice husk ash

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Title

Conference Proceedings: Geosynthetics 2015


Geosynthetics Materials Association


School of Engineering




Originally published as: Jha. J. N., Gill, K.S., Choudhary, A.K., & Shukla, S.K. (2015). Stress-strain characteristics of fiber-reinforced rice husk ash. In Conference Proceedings: Geosynthetics 2015 (pp. 134-141). Portland, United States of America: Geosynthetics Materials Association. Original publication available here


The availability of traditional materials such as soils and rocks for geotechnical applications is becoming increasingly scarce and there is a need to search for economically viable substitutes for these traditional materials. Rice husk ash is a waste produced from the burning of rice husk and it can be one of the substitutes for traditional materials. Moreover, the utilization of rice husk ash is one of the possible ways to solve the environmental and disposal problems being created by the ash. Rice husk ash, if reinforced with certain kind of discrete fibre reinforcing material, may provide an economically viable and environment-friendly alternative to many other geotechnical problems. Since the discrete fibres can be easily added randomly to the soil as other additives such as cement and lime, they offer strength isotropy and limit potential planes of weakness that can develop parallel to the oriented reinforcement as included in systematically reinforced soil. However, very limited information has been reported on randomly distributed fiber-reinforced rice husk ash (RHA) in the literature. This paper presents the relative efficiency of reinforcement used in improving the shear strength of RHA. A series of tri-axial tests were conducted with specimens of both unreinforced RHA as well as RHA reinforced with fibres.Two different types of fibers, namely: commercially available polyethylene fibers and fibers of waste geogrid (obtained after cutting the used geogrid available in the laboratory generally discarded as the waste) having different fiber contents (0.25- 1.50% of dry weight of RHA) were used in the present investigation. The results have been analyzed, and it is observed that inclusion of reinforcement in general increases the shear strength of RHA but the reinforcing efficiency of these fibers depends mainly on the fiber type, fiber content and the confining pressure.