A simple coupled ANNs-RSM approach in modeling product distribution of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis using a microchannel reactor with Ru-promoted Co/Al2O3 catalyst
International Journal of Energy Research
School of Engineering
Edith Cowan University.
Further funding information available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/er.4990
A simple approach using hybrid artificial neural networks (ANNs)-response surface methodology (RSM) was developed to model the detailed product distribution using Ru-promoted cobalt-based catalyst with Al2O3 as the support in a microchannel reactor for Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis. Using the independent process parameters for training, the established model is capable of predicting hydrocarbon production distributions, ie, paraffin formation rate (C2-C15) and olefin to paraffin ratio (OPR C2-C15) within acceptable uncertainties. The ANNs-RSM model and comprehensive mechanistic model using the Langmuir-Hinshelwood-Hougen-Watson (LHHW) approach were compared to identify a few inherent advantages of the proposed model in modeling complex FT synthesis. The proposed ANNs-RSM model shows its appealing merits, ie, faster converge and higher accuracy (less than ±10% uncertainties was achieved from ANNs-RSM model, while LHHW model achieved less than ±15% uncertainties except a few exceptional high errors uncertainties at certain experimental conditions). The statistical significances to the product distributions and hydrocarbon formation rate during FT synthesis could be easily identified and quantitatively analyzed by the established ANNs-RSM model. The future effective alternative of kinetic study of the complex system such as FT synthesis in the microstructured reactor might follow the methods of using empirical reliable approach for process optimization together with mechanistic kinetic study for detailed reaction pathway discrimination.