Biomass-derived functional porous carbons for adsorption and catalytic degradation of binary micropollutants in water
Journal of Hazardous Materials
School of Engineering
Australian Research Council
ARC Number : DP190103548
The biomass, bottlebrush flower, is exploited for the preparation of functionalized porous carbons by one-pot thermal activation using NaHCO3 and dicyandiamide. An intensified cross-linking effect among the precursors boosts pore (especially mesopore) formation in the pyrolysis process, producing N-doped porous carbons (NPCs) with a large specific surface area (SSA, up to 2025 m2 g−1). The biomass-derived carbon samples turn out to be highly effective in adsorption, and catalytic activation of peroxymonosulfate for degradation of aqueous phenol and p-hydroxybenzoic acid (HBA) in single and binary systems. The effects of N content, porous structure, and trace Ni species on the adsorptive and catalytic behavior of carbon are investigated. It is found that the porous structure plays a more critical role in adsorption than surface N functionality, while the contributions of various reactive species for phenol and HBA degradation are different. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.