Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Materials Today Sustainability


Elsevier Ltd


School of Engineering




Edith Cowan University, ECU

National Natural Science Foundation of China, NSFC: 51674167


© 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license

Rabadia, C. D., Liu, Y. J., Jawed, S. F., Wang, L. Q., Sun, H., & Zhang, L. C. (2020). Deformation and toughness behavior of beta-type titanium alloys comprising C15 type Laves phase. Materials Today Sustainability, 9, Article 100034.


Laves phases are effective in tailoring the mechanical properties of alloys used for structural engineering applications. Therefore, it is an emerging research significance to investigate the deformation features of alloys comprising a Laves phase. In this work, the Ti–33Zr–xFe–yCr (x = 5, 7 wt% and y = 2, 4 wt%) alloys were designed in such a way that a Laves phase would form in the investigated Ti–33Zr–xFe–yCr alloys and later, cast by cold crucible levitation melting. All the as-cast alloys exhibit a face-centered cubic C15-type Laves phase along with a dominant β phase. The volume fraction of C15 Laves phase increases as the quantities of Fe and Cr increase in the Ti–33Zr–xFe–yCr alloys. Further, the volume fraction of C15 Laves phase influences the size of the deformation zone around the indentations and hardness of the investigated Ti–33Zr–xFe–yCr alloys. Vickers microindentation technique was used at the three different loads to examine the deformation features (around the indentations) of the as-cast alloys. In this work, Ti–33Zr–5Fe–2Cr shows large plastic strain (37.0%) in compression testing and high (true) yield strength (1,083 MPa) and hardness (3.50 GPa), whereas Ti–33Zr–7Fe–4Cr demonstrates the highest (true) yield strength (1,285 MPa), hardness (4.08 GPa), and the lowest size of the deformation zone around the indentations at three different indentation-loads. Moreover, the indentation-based fracture toughness of Ti–33Zr–7Fe–2Cr and Ti–33Zr–7Fe–4Cr were estimated based on the various relevant models proposed in the established literature. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd



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