Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

IEEE Access


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.


School of Engineering




Innovative Research Group Project of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, AIC: 61703066

Natural Science Foundation Project of Chongqing, Chongqing Science and Technology Commission: cstc2018jcyjAX0536


Li, S., Xia, C., Cheng, Z., Mao, W., Liu, Y., & Habibi, D. (2020). Leak location based on PDS-VMD of leakage-induced vibration signal under low SNR in water-supply pipelines. IEEE Access, 8, 68091-68102.


Leak location in water-supply pipelines is of great significance in order to preserve water resources and reduce economic losses. Cross-correlation (CC) based leak location is a popular and effective method in water-supply pipelines (WSP). However, with a decrease of signal to noise ratio (SNR), the errors of time-delay estimation (TDE) based on CC will become larger making it almost impossible to determine a leakage position. Hence, this work proposes leak location based on a combination of phase difference spectrum and variational mode decomposition (PDS-VMD) of leakage-induced vibration signal under low SNR for WSP. Firstly, the leakage-induced vibration signal is decomposed into several intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) by VMD, where the characteristic frequency band is determined by PDS of cross spectrum of two leakage signals. Then, the energy ratio of leakage signal in characteristic frequency band serves as a guideline to select effective IMF components from the decomposed IMFs. Finally, the selective IMFs are reconstituted into a new signal which can be used to determine a leak position using CC based TDE. In order to verify the effectiveness of the proposed leak location algorithm, the method based on PDS-VMD is compared with that using CC, combination of CC coefficient and VMD (CCC-VMD) using both simulation and experiment. The simulation and experimental results demonstrate that the proposed PDS-VMD method is more suitable for leak location in WSP, which provides immunity to both broadband and narrow band noise under low SNR. © 2020 IEEE.



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Included in

Engineering Commons