Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

International Journal of Population Data Science

Publisher

Swansea University

School

School of Arts and Humanities

RAS ID

30790

Grant Number

NHMRC Number : 1120004

Grant Link

http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1120004

Comments

Borschmann, R., Tibble, H., Spittal, M. J., Preen, D., Pirkis, J., Larney, S., ... Kinner, S. A. (2020). The Mortality After Release from Incarceration Consortium (MARIC): Protocol for a multi-national, individual participant data meta-analysis. International Journal of Population Data Science. https://doi.org/10.23889/ijpds.v5i1.1145

Abstract

Introduction More than 30 million adults are released from incarceration globally each year. Many experience complex physical and mental health problems, and are at markedly increased risk of preventable mortality. Despite this, evidence regarding the global epidemiology of mortality following release from incarceration is insufficient to inform the development of targeted, evidence-based responses. Many previous studies have suffered from inadequate power and poor precision, and even large studies have limited capacity to disaggregate data by specific causes of death, sub-populations or time since release to answer questions of clinical and public health relevance. Objectives To comprehensively document the incidence, timing, causes and risk factors for mortality in adults released from prison. Methods We created the Mortality After Release from Incarceration Consortium (MARIC), a multi-disciplinary collaboration representing 29 cohorts of adults who have experienced incarceration from 11 countries. Findings across cohorts will be analysed using a two-step, individual participant data meta-analysis methodology. Results The combined sample includes 1,337,993 individuals (89% male), with 75,795 deaths recorded over 9,191,393 person-years of follow-up. Conclusions The consortium represents an important advancement in the field, bringing international attention to this problem. It will provide internationally relevant evidence to guide policymakers and clinicians in reducing preventable deaths in this marginalized population.

DOI

10.23889/ijpds.v5i1.1145

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research Themes

Society and Culture

Priority Areas

Individual, economic, organisational, political and social transformation

Share

 
COinS