Modulation of countermovement jump-derived markers of neuromuscular function with concurrent vs. single-mode resistance training
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
School of Medical and Health Sciences
This study assessed changes in countermovement jump (CMJ)-derived markers of neuromuscular function with concurrent training vs. resistance training (RT) alone and determined associations between changes in CMJ parameters and other neuromuscular adaptations (e.g., maximal strength gain). Twenty-three recreationally active men performed 8 weeks of RT alone (RT group, n = 8) or combined with either high-intensity interval training cycling (HIIT + RT group, n = 8) or moderate-intensity continuous cycling (MICT + RT group, n = 7). Maximal strength and CMJ performance were assessed before (PRE), after 4 weeks of training (MID), and > 72 hours (maximal strength) or > 5-7 days (CMJ performance) after (POST) the training intervention. Improvements in CMJ relative peak force from both PRE to MID and PRE to POST were attenuated for both HIIT + RT (effect size [ES]: -0.44; ±90% confidence limit, ±0.51 and ES: -0.72; ±0.61, respectively) and MICT + RT (ES: -0.74; ±0.49 and ES: -1.25; ±0.63, respectively). Compared with RT alone, the change in the flight time to contraction time ratio (FT:CT) was attenuated from PRE to MID for MICT + RT (ES: -0.38; ±0.42) and from PRE to POST for both MICT + RT (ES: -0.60; ±0.55) and HIIT + RT (ES: -0.75; ±0.30). PRE to POST changes in both CMJ relative peak force and flight time:contraction time (F:C) ratio were also associated with relative 1 repetition maximum leg press strength gain (r = 0.26 and 0.19, respectively). These findings highlight the utility of CMJ testing for monitoring interference to improvements in neuromuscular function with concurrent training.