Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Nanomaterials

Volume

10

Issue

8

First Page

1

Last Page

12

Publisher

MDPI

School

School of Engineering

RAS ID

31987

Funders

European Research Council

Grant Number

K2-2020-020

Comments

Okulov, I. V., Joo, S. H., Okulov, A. V., Volegov, A. S., Luthringer, B., Willumeit-Römer, R., ... & Kato, H. (2020). Surface Functionalization of Biomedical Ti-6Al-7Nb Alloy by Liquid Metal Dealloying. Nanomaterials, 10(8), 1479. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10081479

Abstract

© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Surface functionalization is an effective approach to change the surface properties of a material to achieve a specific goal such as improving the biocompatibility of the material. Here, the surface of the commercial biomedical Ti-6Al-7Nb alloy was functionalized through synthesizing of a porous surface layer by liquid metal dealloying (LMD). During LMD, the Ti-6Al-7Nb alloy is immersed in liquid magnesium (Mg) and both materials react with each other. Particularly, aluminum (Al) is selectively dissolved from the Ti-6Al-7Nb alloy into liquid Mg while titanium (Ti) and niobium (Nb) diffuse along the metal/liquid interface to form a porous structure. We demonstrate that the porous surface layer in the Ti-6Al-7Nb alloy can be successfully tailored by LMD. Furthermore, the concentration of harmful Al in this porous layer is reduced by about 48% (from 5.62 ± 0.11 wt.% to 2.95 ± 0.05 wt.%) after 30 min of dealloying at 1150 K. The properties of the porous layer (e.g., layer thickness) can be tuned by varying the dealloying conditions. In-vitro tests suggest improved bone formation on the functionalized porous surface of the Ti-6Al-7Nb alloy.

DOI

10.3390/nano10081479

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research Themes

Natural and Built Environments

Priority Areas

Engineering, technology and nanotechnology

Included in

Engineering Commons

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