Microstructures and mechanical properties of in-situ FeCrNiCu high entropy alloy matrix composites reinforced with NbC particles
School of Engineering
© 2020 A series of NbC/FeCrNiCu high entropy alloy matrix composites (2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 vol% of NbC) were prepared by vacuum induction melting. The microstructures and mechanical properties of the composites were investigated using X-ray electron diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, tensile and hardness tests. The results show that the FeCrNiCu high entropy alloy matrix composites are composed of FCC solid solution embedded with NbC particles. A coherent relationship was identified between the alloy matrix and reinforcement phase. The formation of NbC particles increases the hardness from 337.6 HV to 591.3 HV. Moreover, compared with the base alloy, the tensile yield strength, ultimate tensile strength and ductility of the new composite first increases and then decreases with the increase of NbC content. The tensile yield strength, ultimate tensile strength and ductility reaches maximum for the composites containing 5 vol% of NbC, which is 458.2 MPa, 691.6 MPa and 24.7%, respectively. The strengthening mechanisms of the composites are discussed and the contributions of dislocation strengthening, load bearing effect and Orowan mechanism are quantified.