Acoustic approach to determine Biot effective stress coefficient of sandstone using true triaxial cell (TTSC)
54th U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium
ARMA American Rock Mechanics Association
School of Engineering
© 2020 ARMA, American Rock Mechanics Association Pore pressure change affects the stresses distribution and associated strains within the reservoir rocks. Applying poroelastic theory, the coupling of pore pressures and stresses can be represented by the ratio of horizontal stresses over pore pressure changes (i.e. stress path). Likewise, the stress path ratio is a function of Biot's coefficient, dynamic and elastic properties of rocks, and reservoir shape. Stress path ratio can be estimated through analytical, experimental, and numerical approaches. In this study, the dynamic properties of the dry and brine-saturated cubic of Gosford sandstone was measured using a true triaxial stress cell (TTSC). TTSC was equipped with ultrasonic acoustic sensors. Mechanical properties of the sample such as Young's modulus, shear modulus, bulk modulus and Poisson's ratio were obtained. Then the sample was loaded hydrostatically in TTSC with an initial pore pressure. Compressional wave velocities were recorded during any stress increments to estimate the Biot's coefficient based on empirical equations. The study has resulted in various trends for stress paths under different loading conditions.