On hydrogen wettability of basaltic rock
Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering
School of Engineering
© 2021 Elsevier B.V. One of the major challenges pertaining to a full hydrogen economy is hydrogen storage in the Earth's subsurface formations, such as deep saline aquifers and depleted oil and gas reservoirs. Generally, sedimentary basins are considered for this purpose due to their potential for large-scale storage. However, basaltic formations are also in comparable proportions having voluminous volcanic rocks, vast expansions, and high thickness. We, thus, in this work, evaluate brine/hydrogen/rock wettability of the real Basalt rock samples from CarbFix site in Iceland. Wettability is one of the significant parameters that highly influences the spreading and migration of the gas (as seen for CO2 capillary trapping investigations), interfacial area, mass transfer, and mineralization. We carried out brine/gas/Basalt three-phase contact angle measurements for some gases (CO2, N2, and He) under storage conditions of high temperature (323 K) and pressures (5, 10, 15, and 20 MPa). The analogy drawn from developed correlation for H2 from the contact angle trend of He (density close to H2 density) and empirical correlations reveals that a strong water-wetting state of Basalt can be expected for H2. The high water-wetting state of Basalt in the presence of H2 at storage conditions may be suitable for capillary trapping of H2 for long term storage in Basaltic formation.