Effect of preconditioning exercise on biceps brachii myotendinous junction displacement during elbow flexor eccentric exercise

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports




School of Medical and Health Sciences / Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research




Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan Ministry of Education in Taiwan


Ho, C. C., Nosaka, K., Tseng, K. W., Tseng, W. C., Lau, W. Y., Bogdanis, G. C., & Chen, T. C. (2021). Effect of preconditioning exercise on biceps brachii myotendinous junction displacement during elbow flexor eccentric exercise. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 31(4), 813-825. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13911


© 2021 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd The present study tested the hypothesis that 30 low-intensity (10%) eccentric contractions (10%EC) or two maximal voluntary isometric contractions at a long muscle length (2MVIC) that were performed at two days before maximal eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors consisting of five sets of six maximal eccentric contractions (MaxEC) would reduce increases in biceps brachii distal myotendinous junction displacement (MTJd) over the eccentric contractions during MaxEC. Sedentary young men were randomly placed (n = 12/group) to a control group that performed two bouts of MaxEC (CONT-1st, CONT-2nd) separated by two weeks, or one of two preconditioning groups that performed 10%EC or 2MVIC at 20° elbow flexion at two days prior to MaxEC. All exercises were performed by the non-dominant arm. MTJd of each contraction was assessed by B-mode ultrasound, and its changes over sets were compared among the groups. The average MTJd from the start to the end of six eccentric contractions in the first set was similar among the groups (6.4 ± 0.7 mm). The MTJd increased from the first to fifth set, but the increase was smaller (P < .05) for the 10%EC (13 ± 6%) and 2MVIC (16 ± 9%) groups, and CONT-2nd (3 ± 6%) when compared with CONT-1st (60 ± 12%). Both 10%EC and 2MVIC groups showed smaller (P < .05) changes in all muscle damage markers after MaxEC similarly when compared with CONT-1st, but the changes were greater than those after CONT-2nd. These results supported the hypothesis that protective effect was associated with less MTJd changes, suggesting that this is associated with the mechanisms underpinning the preconditioning effect on muscle damage.



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