Xiaoyu Zhang, Edith Cowan University
Isinta E. Maranga
Wei Wang, Edith Cowan UniversityFollow
Manshu Song, Edith Cowan UniversityFollow
Youxin Wang, Edith Cowan UniversityFollow
Frontiers in Genetics
Frontiers Media S. A.
School of Medical and Health Sciences
National Natural Science Foundation of China China-Australian Collaborative Grant
Background: The causal association of C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen on intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remains uncertain. We investigated the causal associations of CRP and fibrinogen with ICH using two-sample Mendelian randomization. Method: We used single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with CRP and fibrinogen as instrumental variables. The summary data on ICH were obtained from the International Stroke Genetics Consortium (1,545 cases and 1,481 controls). Two-sample Mendelian randomization estimates were performed to assess with inverse-variance weighted and sensitive analyses methods including the weighted median, the penalized weighted median, pleiotropy residual sum and outlier (MR-PRESSO) approaches. MR-Egger regression was used to explore the pleiotropy. Results: The MR analyses indicated that genetically predicted CRP concentration was not associated with ICH, with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.263 (95% CI = 0.935–1.704, p = 0.127). Besides, genetically predicted fibrinogen concentration was not associated with an increased risk of ICH, with an OR of 0.879 (95% CI = 0.060–18.281; p = 0.933). No evidence of pleiotropic bias was detected by MR-Egger. The findings were overall robust in sensitivity analyses. Conclusions: Our findings did not support that CRP and fibrinogen are causally associated with the risk of ICH.
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