Title

Positional isomers of biphenyl antimicrobial peptidomimetic amphiphiles

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters

Publisher

American Chemical Society

School

School of Medical and Health Sciences

RAS ID

32814

Funders

Australian National Health and Medical Research Council

Grant Number

NHMRC Number : 1124032

Grant Link

http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1124032

Comments

Tague, A. J., Putsathit, P., Riley, T. V., Keller, P. A., & Pyne, S. G. (2021). Positional isomers of biphenyl antimicrobial peptidomimetic amphiphiles. ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 12(3), 413-419. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsmedchemlett.0c00611

Abstract

© 2021American Chemical Society. Small-molecule antimicrobial peptidomimetic amphiphiles represent a promising class of novel antimicrobials with the potential for widespread therapeutic application. To investigate the role of spatial positioning for key hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups on the antimicrobial efficacy and selectivity, positional isomers of the lead biphenyl antimicrobial peptidomimetic compound 1 were synthesized and subjected to microbial growth inhibition and mammalian toxicity assays. Positional isomer 4 exhibited 4-8× increased efficacy against the pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli (MIC = 2 μg/mL), while isomers 2, 3, and 7 exhibited a 4× increase in activity against Acinetobacter baumannii (MIC = 4 μg/mL). Changes in molecular shape had a significant impact on Gram-negative antibacterial efficacy and the resultant spectrum of activity, whereas all structural isomers exhibited significant efficacy (MIC = 0.25-8 μg/mL) against Gram-positive bacterial pathogens (e.g., methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Enterococcus faecalis).

DOI

10.1021/acsmedchemlett.0c00611

Research Themes

Health

Priority Areas

Prevention, detection and management of cancer and other chronic diseases

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