Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Applied Science


Faculty of Science, Technology and Engineering

First Advisor

Dr Colin James


The aim of this research was to determine if long term training (20 years+) in a high impact weight bearing sport (netball/basketball: NB/88), a low impact weight-bearing sport (running/ field hockey: GEN) and a non weight-bearing sport, swimming (SWI) produced a positive relationship with regional bone mineral density (BMD) and muscle strength. Method: Three groups of perimenopausal athletes (n=20) plus a control group (CON) (n=20) had Total Body BMD and body composition measured by DEXA (Hologic QDR 2000) and isometric strength of dominant arm flexors and leg extensors by a strain tensiometer connected to a strength chair. Differences between groups were determined by ANOVA followed by Scheffe Test and correlations by Pearson r. General characteristics, including age, height, weight and calcium intake showed no statistical differences.