Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Social Science


Faculty of Health and Human Sciences

First Advisor

Dr Anne Atkinson

Second Advisor

Dr Margaret Sims


In the last fifty years, many developing and newly industrialising countries have experienced a rapid expansion of care and education programme for young children. The rapid expansion of these programmes which are often modelled on those from the west, together with new understandings about the nature of children's development, has led to concern that these programmes do not meet the needs of children living in very different social and cultural environments. The 1989 UNESCO review of early childhood care and education programmes in the Asia-Pacific region highlights the need for integrated early childhood care and education programmes and reports that programmes in the region still suffer from the slow acceptance of indigenous models, preference for imported models and a lack of awareness and emphasis on non-formal approaches to the meeting of needs.