Design and analysis of high-speed optical correlators for multiwavelength optical header recognition and optical code division multiple access

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


School of Engineering and Mathematics


Faculty of Computing, Health and Science


Optical correlators arc attractive elements for packet-switched optical networks because they enable the headers of high-speed optical packets to be processed and recognised "on-the-fly", thus, switching the packets to different destinations without the need for optical-to-electrical and electrical-to-optical conversions. In the first part of the thesis, three novel all-optical header recognition structures based on time-domain optical correlation arc proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The novel optical correlator structures for header recognition, are based on the use of Opto-VLSI processors, fibre Bragg gratings, and arrayed waveguide gratings, respectively, and are demonstrated at IOGb/s by generating auto-correlation functions of high peaks whenever the optical header bit pattern matches a predetermined pattern in the lookup table, while for other bit patterns, only low intensity (below a threshold level) cross-correlation functions are produced. As a result, these structures eliminate the bottleneck that exists in the conventional ortical packet switching networks, thus greatly enhancing the performance of such networks.

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