Date of Award
Bachelor of Arts Honours
School of Psychology and Social Sciences
Faculty of Computing, Health and Science
Dr. Chris Theunissen
Dr Greg Dear
Impulsivity is generally thought to refer to rapid, spontaneous and inappropriate behaviour. One causal view of impulsivity is that of executive inhibitory dyscontrol. Inhibitory control requires the suppression of an implicit or explicit response and may be assessed with laboratory behavioural tasks. Executive inhibition includes cognitive inhibition, interference control and behavioural inhibition. Impulsivity is frequently measured using self-report personality-based inventories. Investigations of the relationship between inhibitory control and impulsivity are uncommon. It is further proposed that there is a significant inverse relationship between a self-report measure of impulsivity (the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale) (Patton, Stanford, & Barratt, 1995) and a behavioural measure of motoric inhibitory control (Stop-Signal task) (Logan, 1994). The proposed study will employ a non-clinical cohort to examine this hypothesis. Inhibitory deficits have frequently been reported in clinical groups. It is unknown whether the same deficit underlies the personality trait of impulsivity in non-clinical adult populations. The current study investigated whether there is an association between self-reported trait impulsivity and inhibitory motor control. The stop-signal task was employed to examine the inhibitory performance of non-clinical adults. Participants were allocated to a high or low impulsivity group on the basis of their Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) scores. Those participants scoring in the top 25% (n = 18) and bottom 25% (n = 18) on the BIS-11, from a sample of73, were allocated to the high or low impulsive groups respectively. The stop-signal task employed a visual choice reaction time 'go' task and participants attempted to inhibit their responses to the 'go' task when an auditory 'stop' signal was heard. The findings indicate that there was no deficit in motor inhibition found for high-impulsives, nor did the groups differ on either the speed of their response, or the probability of inhibiting their response, to a 'stop' signal. However, there was a weak but non-significant correlation found supporting an association between motor impulsivity and stop-signal reaction time (r = .35, p = .06). In conclusion, the current study found only minor evidence that impulsivity in a non-clinical adult cohort is associated with poor inhibitory motor control.
Vibert, L. (2007). An investigation of the relationship between inhibitory motor control and low and high trait impulsivity in non-clinical adults. Retrieved from http://ro.ecu.edu.au/theses_hons/1140