Date of Award

1993

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts Honours

Faculty

Faculty of Health and Human Sciences

First Advisor

Dr Moira O'Connor

Abstract

The study addresses the relationship between the quantity of possessions transported by migrants from their country of origin and reported levels of homesickness. Eighty-nine subjects from the United Kingdom and Eire participated in the study, which was limited to those migrants who have been resident in Australia for less than 5 years (M=2.53). The sample was non random (purposive and accidental), consisting of 51 males and 38 females, and the mean age of the participants on arrival in Australia was 33 years. Participants completed a 32 item, Likert scale, questionnaire which incorporated items from the Fisher (1989) Dundee Relocation Inventory (DRI). Participants were allocated to 4 groups based on the quantity of possessions transported from their country of origin. As the length of time away from home is relevant to homesickness, time was included as an independent variable and a two-way MANOVA was conducted by way of analysis. A statistically significant difference was found on the combined dependent variables for Possessions (F(12,206)=1.94,Q<.05) and Time (F(4,78)=2.81,Q<.05). The present study has found that the strongest association, and highest levels of homesickness, exists for those who transport the largest quantities of possessions. This aligns with Canter's (1985, 1990) concept of Rule of Place. The results have also indicated that those who reported the higher levels of homesickness contact family and friends at home significantly more than those who were less homesick. The study has also indicated that time has an association with reported levels of homesickness. A Possessions and Homesickness significant difference {!{87)=2.29,J2<.05) was found between males {M=11.03) and females{M=12.68), with females using extended objects, for example writing and telephoning home, more than their male counterparts. A gender difference was not found on psychological health {grieving), which supports Fisher {1989,1990). A moderate relationship was found between Environmental Appraisal, Routine/Social Relations and Psychological Health, which further supports Fisher's {1989, 1990) assertion that these variables are key indicators of homesickness. Overall, the results of the study concur with the literature reviewed and the inference has been drawn that large quantities of possessions can act as a catalyst for homesickness.

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