Title

Effects of loaded plyometric exercise on post-activation performance enhancement of countermovement jump in sedentary men

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

School

School of Medical and Health Sciences

Funders

São Paulo Research Foundation

Comments

Souza, V. A., Barreto, R. V., Mantovani, G. B., Greco, C. C., Denadai, B. S., Nosaka, K., & Lima, L. C. R. (2022). Effects of loaded plyometric exercise on post-activation performance enhancement of countermovement jump in sedentary men. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2021.1954586

Abstract

Purpose: Explosive performance is increased right after performing loaded resistance exercise, which is known as post-activation performance enhancement (PAPE). Method: We investigated the effects of a plyometric exercise (PLYO) consisting of five sets of six drop-jumps from a 52-cm platform with a load corresponding to 20% body mass on changes in countermovement jump (CMJ) height in sedentary young men. Eleven young nonresistance trained men (19.6 ± 1.8 y, 69 ± 9 kg, 1.76 ± 0.08 m) who showed more than 4% increase in CMJ height at 4 min after five back squats with five-repetition maximum load participated in the study. Their responses to the back squat exercise were examined before (baseline) and 15 minutes, 24 and 48 hours post-PLYO. Exercise-induced muscle damage markers (maximal voluntary contraction torque [MVC], and quadriceps muscle soreness) were assessed at baseline, 15 minutes, 24 and 48 hours following PLYO. Results: MVC torque decreased (p < .05) at 15 minutes post-PLYO (−15.1 ± 9.7%) but returned to the baseline at 24 hours post-PLYO. Muscle soreness developed (p < .05) at 48 hours (21.0 ± 20.3 mm) after PLYO, indicating minor muscle damage. CMJ height increased (p < .05) after the five squats at baseline (7.6 ± 3.8%) indicating PAPE, but no such increase was found at 15 minutes, 24 and 48 hours after PLYO. However, CMJ height before the squat exercise was greater (p < .05) at 24 (5.9 ± 7.0%) and 48 hours post-PLYO (9.1 ± 8.5%) than the baseline. Conclusions: These results showed that PAPE disappeared after PLYO that induced minor muscle damage, but CMJ height increased at 24–48 hours in the recovery from PLYO exhibiting a priming effect.

DOI

10.1080/02701367.2021.1954586

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