Core Alzheimer’s disease cerebrospinal fluid biomarker assays are not affected by aspiration or gravity drip extraction methods
James D. Doecke
Christopher J. Fowler
Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, Edih Cowan UniversityFollow
Colin L. Masters
Ralph N. Martins, Edith Cowan UniversityFollow
Victor L. Villemagne
Steven J. Collins
Hugo Marcel Vanderstichele
Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
School of Medical and Health Sciences
National Health and Medical Research Council / Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
Background: CSF biomarkers are well-established for routine clinical use, yet a paucity of comparative assessment exists regarding CSF extraction methods during lumbar puncture. Here, we compare in detail biomarker profiles in CSF extracted using either gravity drip or aspiration. Methods: Biomarkers for β-amyloidopathy (Aβ1–42, Aβ1–40), tauopathy (total tau), or synapse pathology (BACE1, Neurogranin Trunc-p75, α-synuclein) were assessed between gravity or aspiration extraction methods in a sub-population of the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) study (cognitively normal, N = 36; mild cognitive impairment, N = 8; Alzheimer’s disease, N = 6). Results: High biomarker concordance between extraction methods was seen (concordance correlation > 0.85). Passing Bablock regression defined low beta coefficients indicating high scalability. Conclusions: Levels of these commonly assessed CSF biomarkers are not influenced by extraction method. Results of this study should be incorporated into new consensus guidelines for CSF collection, storage, and analysis of biomarkers.
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Doecke, J. D., Francois, C., Fowler, C. J., Stoops, E., Bourgeat, P., Rainey-Smith, S. R., ... Vanderstichele, H. M. (2021). Core Alzheimer’s disease cerebrospinal fluid biomarker assays are not affected by aspiration or gravity drip extraction methods. Alzheimer's Research & Therapy, 13(1), article 79. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13195-021-00812-9