The rapidly expanding nexus of immunoglobulin G N-glycomics, suboptimal health status, and precision medicine
School of Medical and Health Sciences / Centre for Precision Health
Australia-China International Collaborative Grant
Immunoglobulin G is a prevalent glycoprotein, whose downstream immune responses are partially mediated by the N-glycans within the fragment crystallisable domain. Collectively termed the N-glycome, it is considered a complex intermediate phenotype: an amalgamation of genetic predisposition, environmental exposure, and health behaviours over the life-course. Thus, the immunoglobulin G N-glycome may provide an indication of health status on the spectrum from health to disease and infirmary. Although variability exists within and between populations, composition of the immunoglobulin G N-glycome remains stable over short periods of time. This underscores the potential of harnessing the immunoglobulin G N-glycome as an ideal tool for preclinical disease risk prediction, stratification, and prognosis through the development of precise dynamic biomarkers.
Multidisciplinary biological approaches to personalised disease diagnosis, prognosis and management