The effects of activity participation on residents of residential aged care : a systematic review ; Occupational therapy practice : building relationships to enhance transition into residential aged care

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science (Occupational Therapy) Honours


School of Exercise and Health Sciences


Health, Engineering and Science

First Advisor

Dr Janet Richmond

Second Advisor

Professor Ruth Marquis



A notable trend towards elderly people needing residential aged care requires therapists to determine what can be done to enhance positive resident outcomes.


This systematic review aimed to identify the effects of activity based interventions on the health and wellbeing of people in residential aged care facilities.


Databases CINAHL, MEDLINE and PsycINFO were searched. A meta-analysis of the studies was not possible due to insufficient data, and few randomised control trials.


Seven articles encompassing 743 participants across 136 residential aged care facilities met the inclusion criteria. Studies assessed the effects of resident activity levels or described the effects of activity-based interventions on residents’ health and wellbeing.


Activity participation and activity-based interventions do have positive effects on residents of residential aged care facilities including improved wellbeing, increased everyday function, greater life satisfaction and longer duration of night-time sleep, although the paucity of literature, indicates the need for further high-quality research in this area.

Access Note

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