Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (Psychology) Honours


School of Psychology and Social Science


Faculty of Education and Arts

First Advisor

Dr Craig Harms

Second Advisor

Dr Ross Hollett

Third Advisor

Dr Robert Segal


Recent literature suggests that there are widespread differences between men and women’s Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMSs) and that EMSs are highly prevalent in alcohol dependent populations. The present study examined differences between men and women’s EMSs in an Australian clinical sample who had sought treatment specifically for alcohol dependence. A total of 111 men and 114 women completed the Young Schema Questionnaire – Long Form (YSQ-L3) between 2012 and 2015 in order to assess them on 18 EMSs. Despite previous findings suggesting that women report higher levels on a number of EMSs the present study found that women only scored significantly higher than men on the EMS of self-sacrifice (the tendency to excessively help others whilst continually sacrificing one’s own needs). Although significant gender differences were not found for the majority of EMSs, Australian men and women reported higher levels of EMSs than found in earlier studies. As elevated EMSs were highly prevalent across the entire sample this provides preliminary support for the suitability of inter-gender Schema Group Therapy as an intervention to assist those with alcohol dependency in Australia.


Thesis Location